Extreme Environment and "Macro" Sharing Hypothesis of Evolution

The theory of evolution is not a complete model. That is why it is a theory rather than a law. One of the holes is a reasonable mutation model.  The proposal of an unbiased random mutation model appears be insufficient to explain the rates of appearance of gross anatomic adaption features. I propose here that there is a sharing mechanism for DNA "macros" that carry information between species. A macro will create an entire feature rather than being completely random. I propose the vector for exchanges is a disease such as a virus.

Macro Sharing in Genetics causing Evolution

1998 February

The speculation here is that in times of severe stress disease and other mechanisms cause sections of genes to be shared rather as a cause for evolution. This is to compete with the theory of point mutations causing evolution.

For example, when many dieing animals are place in proximity, due to insect and disease vectors, genetics cause large sections of DNA to be swapped into surviving individuals. These sections carry entire traits and physical features, such as tails, legs, fins, etc. Hence evolution at times of crises accelerates.

The probability of complex systems of gaining survival traits based on point changes in times of crises is simply to small for evolution to proceed in a forward direction. However, the sharing of gross traits can cause an individual offspring to be different in manners that are significant.

An analogy can be drawn from other complex systems, such as computer programing. Should a computer program have an individual change in its bit patterns, the program would be destroyed. A bit swap in an instruction in a program would typically cause an instruction to be changed into non sense, or into another instruction which is nonsense in the larger context of the calculation being done. There is a good chance that there is *no* point change that would improve a program. Now consider that instead of causing point changes, one programmer shares subroutines with another programmer. The random insertion of gross functional subroutines, where those subroutines have been successful in other contexts, into a program could very improve another program.

Complex systems are hierarchical. As for programs, there are instructions, modules, programs, etc. DNA systems are also hierarchical. Point changes to the lowest level of the hierarchy are likely to cause the foundation of the hierarchy to fail. However, sharing functioning foundational pieces, i.e. creating changes at the highest levels of hierarchy is actually a form of learning.

One would suppose that the apparent 'learning to survive' in evolution indicates that change events occur at the highest levels of the hierarchy.

Extreme Environment and "Macro" Sharing Hypothesis of Evolution